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News coverage of Srila Prabhupada and his movement.

Krishna food: rich, spicy, sweet, tasty

This article, "Krishna food: rich, spicy, sweet, tasty," was published in The Miami News, February 7, 1974, in Miami, ‎Florida.

"Spiritual food," blessed by Krishna, for Miami devotees.

By EUNICE MARTIN 
Miami News Food Editor

The devotees of Krishna have recipes 5,000 years old that "are so good that they can carry one a step beyond ordinary sense pleasure into the realm of supreme enjoyment.

So claim those in the Hare Krishna movement here - about 70 disciples and a handful of their children who live in a series of houses rented to them near their Temple at 4001 Kumquat Avenue in Coconut Grove. 

The Krishna food is rich and spicy, sweet and tasty, savory and filling. 

Spices determine the taste of the preparations and they are the jewels of cooking for Krishna. Common spices used in "Prasadam" (food for the body, food for the soul and food for God) include ground allspice, asafoetida, ground black pepper, whole cloves, saffron, ground ginger, ground cumin seeds, dried mango powder, and ground tumeric. 

Most of the spices gre readily available from regular grocery stores. Other spices would be more likely found in Chinese food stores or Indian specialty stores. 

The main source of protein in the daily Krishna consciousness diet is dahl, which is made from different types of dried beans. Chic peas (garbanzo beans) are also a favorite and a good source of energy. 

They eat no meat, or fish, or eggs. 

The potato is called the "king" of vegetables because it can he prepared in many delicious ways. Eggplant and cauliflower, being other great favorites, are also an integral part of the diet, as are okra, string beans and peas. Onions, garlic and mushrooms are considered unclean vegetables and therefore never offered to Krishna. 

Chutneys and raitas are accompaniments or side dishes served with rice, vegetables, bread and savories. Generally, chutneys are made with fruits and are hot and sweet, raitas usually consist of a vegetable prepared with yogurt and salt; they are similar to salads and are simple to prepare. 

Here are some special Krishna recipes. 

MAHA BRINGAL 
2 large eggplants chopped 
4 large tomatoes chopped 
1 pound finely chopped spinach 
1/4 cup ghee or melted butter 
1 1/2. cumin seed 
1 1/2 t. crushed red pepper 
1/2 t. salt 
1/2 t. tumeric 

Over high flame heat ghee (clarified butter) or butter in large skillet till smoking. Add cumin seed and red pepper. Cook for two minutes. Stir in eggplants. Cover and cook until eggplants are soft and tender as butter stir in salt and tumeric. Add tomatoes and cook with no cover for 10 minutes, maintaining original high flame all the while. Add spinach. Cover and steam for 10 minutes. Remove cover, reduce flame to medium low and cook stirring frequently till consistency is that of a thick paste. Serves 3 to 4. 

POTATOES, CAULIFLOWER AND PEAS 
4 potatoes
1 t. tumeric
1 cup green peas 
1 cauliflower 
ghee (clarified butter) 
2 t. salt 
1/4 t. cayenne 
1/2 t. cumin powder 

Boil all vegetables. Mash into a paste. Add spices and make into patties. Fry in pan in butter until crust is formed. Turn often and add more ghee as necessary. 

A variation of this dish is: 

POTATOES, CAULIFLOWER IN YOGHURT 
1 small cauliflower 
4 potatoes 
ghee (clarified butter) 
1 cup of yoghurt 
1 T. tumeric 
1/2 t. ginger 
1 1/2 t. salt 

Break washed cauliflower into flowerettes. Wash and slice potatoes. Deep-fry both in ghee until golden. Drain. Toss into spiced yoghurt.

Reference: The Miami News, Miami, USA, 1974-02-07

Isolated From the World: Hare Krishna Children

This article, "Isolated From the World: Hare Krishna Children," was published in The South Bend Tribune, February 16, 1975, in South Bend, Indiana.

By William Toms
 
FOR 100 CHILDREN in East Dallas, Texas, life is so different from other children that their life-style is difficult for most persons to comprehend. 

The children of Hare Krishna followers, they have been sent to Dallas by their parents to attend the Gurukula, a commune school for the children of Lord Krishna. 

Ranging in age from 3 to 11, the children are taught from the Bhagvadgita, a Hindu spiritual text, and live cut off from the outside world in an monkish atmosphere colored by Eastern mysticism.

The school, located in an old church building In Dallas, is funded by the Los Angeles-based International Society for Krishna Consciousness, founded in 1965 by a retired Indian businessman, A. C. Raktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. The movement's members have become a familiar sight in most large U.S. cities. They wear saffron robes, daub their foreheads with paste and hop up and down chanting "Hare Knshna.

The young boys' heads are shaved, except for a top knot, so Krishna can yank them into heaven at the proper time. The boys wear dhotis, the orange wrap-around. The single goal of the Gurukula is to make priests of the boys. At age 10, most of them go to a farm in West Virginia. 

Girls in the school are encouraged to be submissive. They wear ankle length saris and keep their heads covered to discourage men. Many of the girls wear rings in their noses, the holes made with sewing needles, as a mark of chastity. 

The children's day begins at 4 a.m. and ends at 7 p.m. when, segregated by sex and age, they go to sleep on mats in a damp church basement. The typical day in the school includes two or three showers during the day, numerous religious services, and six daily offerings of food to Krishna.

Photo 1: A. C. BAKTIVEDANTA Swami Prabhupada, founder of the International Society for Krishna, talks to a young boy member of the group.
Photo 2: A YOUNG BOY appears deep in meditation as he offers a prayer of thanks-giving to Lord Krishna.
Photo 3: ONE YOUNG HARE KRISHNA devotee prostrates himself on the wooden floor of an old church in homage to Lord Krishna.

Reference: The South Bend Tribune, Dallas, USA, 1975-02-16

Hare Krishna Chant Their Way Toward Spiritual Consciousness

This article, "Hare Krishna Chant Their Way Toward Spiritual Consciousness," was published in The Pittsburgh Press, February 17, 1973, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

By MIKE ANDERSON 

"Hare Krishna" is the greeting given anyone entering Hare Krishna Temple at 5135 Ellsworth Ave., Shadyside. 

The greeting will stay the same but the place will have to change, because the mansion they have made their temple is zoned as a single-family home. About 20 followers of Krishna live in the temple. 

Search Under Way 

The city has given the group three months to move and the search for a dwelling is under way, some place to buy or rent with an option to buy. 

"It's too bad we must move. This building is such a nice facility," said Yadunandan Das, a leader of the group. "But somehow or other Krishna provides.

The group wants to stay in the city because that's where the action is and where the interested people are. 

Most people know the Krishnas because of their singing, chanting on downtown and Oakland street corners. Chanting is the key to their worship. 

Top Of Iceberg 

"It's like the top of an iceberg," Yadunandan Das said. 

"Our faith includes so much more, but chanting is the essence of our movement. It is the recommended means of spiritual development as prescribed by the Vedas (holy writings).

Krishna followers chant five times a day, including two hours in the morning, when possible. There are six services each day and two classes to study the Bhagavad-gita, their holiest scripture. 

At each service food is offered at the altar, a sign of offering to God. 

In their striving for Krishna-consciousness, the followers deny themselves many "desires of the body.

Prohibited are sex before marriage, extramarital relations, drugs, smoking or consumption of alcohol, coffee or tea.

Vegetarian Diet 

They do not eat meat, fish or eggs but live on a vegetarian diet, as prescribed in their scriptures. Yadunandan Das said: 

"Killing another living being, like a cow, makes it easier to kill another human being.

"But you cannot stop these desires. You must have something more satisfying than those desires. Senses are active, but the real satisfaction is to go to the source of sense satisfaction - Krishna.

Vegetables are also a life form, he admitted, but their consumption is allowed in scripture. People must eat, he said, because "our body is not ours and can't be given up.

The Hare Krishna call themselves slaves and servants of God and of their Spiritual Master A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, who is himself a slave to God. 

Men's Heads Shaved 

The men shave their heads as a sign of surrender to Krishna and all wear simple, traditional dress (dhoti for men, sari for women) for the same reason. 

They wear a necklace or collar to show their place before God ("Like a dog before his master," Yadunanhan Das explained). 

"The idea of a spiritual master is difficult. Some think it degrading. But by serving a great master you become great. Krishna is the supreme proprietor and controller.

They believe strongly they are right. 

"If one wants to follow Lord Jesus or Lord Buddha, it's all right. But in this age of quarrel and hypocrisy, everything is contaminated by lies. We feel this is the only means to God-consciousness.

On Right Path 

"We may not be ourselves perfect, but we're on the right path. We don't wish to offend anyone," he said. 

"Krishna is beyond all worlds. This is the highest nature. We are here (on earth) but don't really belong here. We are here to execute our Father's desires.

The work is not just temple worship and chanting on the street corner. Members of the temple speak all over Western Pennsylvania, including churches, colleges and youth groups. 

They also distribute cookies to the students at Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children. 

The temple is open to anyone, Yadunandan Das said. "We are one brotherhood, but only by knowing our Father can we be true brothers.

Photo: Tarkikcharamoni Dasi offers food at the altar of the Hare Krishna temple.

Reference: The Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, USA, 1973-02-17

Krishnas Lead at Mardi Gras

This article, "Krishnas Lead at Mardi Gras," was published in The San Francisco Examiner, February 14, 1972, in San Francisco, California.

Ten friends, inspired by the attire of the Hare Krishna followers, took a first prize at the Mardi Gras bal masque Saturday at the Sheraton-Palace. 

The Robert McGraths, the Lee Blums, Dr. Philip McGinn, the Charles Kaplans, Mr. and Mrs. William Hughes and Nancy Pitts donned tight-fitting rubber skull-caps to resemble shaved heads, adorned their peach-colored robes with bells, carried incense, played cymbals, wore earrings and chanted "Hare Krishna." They got so carried away during the costume judging parade, Mrs. Lee Blum fell off the processional pallet on which she was being carried by the other chanters. Fortunately, she was not injured. 

The costume ball, of course, was the culmination of the annual Little Jim Club's queen contest. The contest and the ball benefit Children's hospital.

Photo: KRISHNA-costumed Nancy Kaplan, Dr. Philip McGinn, Lee Blum and Nancy McGrath were among prize winners at Little Jim Club's Mardi Gras ball.

Reference: The San Francisco Examiner, San Francisco, USA, 1972-02-14

Converts Preach Krishna Consciousness Here

This article, "Few Students Respond To Hindu Worship - Converts Preach Krishna Consciousness Here," was published in The Stanford Daily, February 9, 1973, in Palo Alto, California.

By SRI KRISHN CHOPRA 

"A dog can't control its sex urge. If you too can't, what's the difference between you and the dog?" His Holiness Satasvarupa Goswami asked the five students who turned up in a Tresidder meeting room to hear the first of several lectures given on campus last week by the Hare Krishna movement.

"Helluva lot," a Stanford student might respond. But the spiritual aura of the room, with the portrait of Lord Krishna, the burning incense and the saffron robed Swami sitting cross-legged on a dias, discouraged frivolity.

The Swami, a young American who was graduated from New York University with a degree in English, gave up comforts, his family, his name, sex and drugs, to adopt a concept of living totally alien to Western values. He shaved his head,  took a Sanskrit name, donned saffron robes, and became a Sanyasi in the service of Lord Krishna in 1966. There are nearly 3000 more Americans like him. 

As part of the "kirtan," Satsvarupa and two "godbrothers" Sahdev and Jivannanda Dasa, chanted "Hare Krishna, Hare Rama, Hare Krishna, Hare Hare" with a consuming passion and in a sweet, mellifluous voice. The glow of intense devotion lit up their faces. 

Freed From Sex 

"This is all you have to do to free yourself from getting yourself over-powered by sex and other material urges. Chanting 'Hare Krishna' will purify you and bring you back to God, the Supreme Krishna," Satasvarupa told his audience later. He added, "You don't have to shave your head like me. You can belong to any race, religion - that doesn't matter.

Perhaps it is this simplicity of approach that has drawn Westerners into the Hare Krishna fold. The convert is not required to spend hours meditating on the formless, or ponder over the profundity of the Vedas as required in transcendental meditation taught by many Hindu philosophers and preachers. 

In this method, the converts just accept Krishna as the supreme Saviour and leave the rest to Him. Krishna is the name of God. He came to this world 5000 years ago as Lord Krishna. Hindu scriptures describe his life and deeds in detail. The Bhagvada Gita is the compilation of the teachings of Lord Krishna which he gave to one of his disciples, Arjuna. 

Forms Of Yoga 

All Hindus in India worship Krishna, though different groups may have different family Deities. There are a number of popular folk songs and verses on the life of Krishna as a child, the blue-complexioned, fun loving cow herder. The "kirtans" and chanting of "Hare Krishna" are part of the Hindu way of life. 

The Hare Krishna movement here preaches the Bhakti Yoga, rather than the Hatha Yoga, which is the form of yoga most Americans are familiar with. 

But Hatha Yoga requires considerable discipline and is very difficult to perform. In the Bhagvada Gita, Arjuna complains to Lord Krishna that he will not be able to perform the Hatha Yoga in its truly correct form. Lord Krishna then told him that the Yogi is one who always thinks of Him with love and faith. 

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, a saint who lived in Bengal, India in the 15th century who popularised the "Hare Krishna" chant as being the cure-all for our material age. The word "Hara" is the form of addressing the energy of the Lord and "Hare" is the vocative of "Hara.

Spiritual Master 

The spiritual master and the founder of the Hare Krishna movement in India, His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada is claimed to be a direct descendent in the line of disciples of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who in turn is believed to be an incarnation of Lord Krishna. 

Hare Krishna movement followers here claim that they are the only ones who present the genuine teachings of the Gita and Lord Krishna because, in the line of 'disciplic succession' which they have traced through Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, their Guru Srila Prabhupada, comes down directly from Lord Krishna. 

Recently, Macmillan has published his book called Bhagvada Gita, As It Is which according to the author contains the original sayings of the Supreme God. Unlike other Swamis who try to interpret and give their own meaning to Gita, he says, "I am like a mailman who delivers the mail without opening the letter and making additions.

Krishna In America 

This 77-year-old Swami came to New York in 1966 and founded the International Society of Krishna Consciousness which has grown into 90 centers and now has more than 5000 followers. 

Why did he come to America? I asked one of his followers. 

"He came here on the instruction of his spiritual master who asked him to go and spread Lord Chaitanya's message to the people of the West," one of his followers explained. "He chose America because he found that people all over the world were following America to Hell - so if America took to the Hare Krishna movement, they would follow the Americans to Heaven.

Photo: HARE KRISHNA - This unusual looking man is one of a group of American converts to Krishna consciousness who came to Stanford last week to explain their movement. However, few students attended their lectures. 

Reference: The Stanford Daily, Unknown Location, USA, 1973-02-09

Students Gather Like Blown Leaves To Sing Praises To Lord

This article, "Students Gather Like Blown Leaves To Sing Praises To Lord," was published in The Republican-courier, February 1, 1972, in Findlay, Ohio.

By KENNETH D. NORDIN 
The Christian Science Monitor

One of the groups most visible to the public eye is the Hare Krishna movement, which follows the teachings of Indian mystic A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. From their temples, located in nearly 20 cities across the country, members venture forth daily on missionary pilgrimages. 

SAFFRON ROBED, with shaven heads and painted faces, they present a strange image to Western eyes. Chanting and dancing wherever they go, they hand out sweet rolls and literature to curious passersby. 

Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare... 

Their chant, they explain to their listeners, is a purifying process whereby they achieve "God-consciousness." Chanting and other spiritual devotions free the mind of materialistic pleasures, they say. 

Converts to the group are generally college-educated youths with strong religious backgrounds. Whether their new faith is just a passing fad or more permanent is still an open question.

Reference: The Republican-courier, Unknown Location, USA, 1972-02-01

They Love to Cook, Cook to Love

This article, "They Love to Cook, Cook to Love," was published in The Los Angeles Times, February 27, 1969, in Los Angeles, California.

Some modern young people in search of creative outlets find them in cooking. This is 11th in a series of articles on what and how youths cook. 

BY BARBARA HANSEN 
Times Staff Writer

A love feast which takes place each Sunday is a religious observance as well as a banquet for devotees of The International Society for Krishna Consciousness in Los Angeles. 

The devotees, mostly in their 20s, meet at the Radha Krishna Temple on La Cienega Blvd. for a 4 p.m. service which includes the special meal. 

The dishes are prepared according to dietary principles set forth in the Vedas, the ancient scriptures of Hinduism. Typical vegetarian foods of India, they are offered at the altar to Lord Krishna, the Hindu term for God, and then are set out for the congregation as part of the ritual. 

Spiritual Name 

The Sunday feast is supervised by Mrs. Hope Carter, 22, who goes by the spiritual name of Harsha Rani Devi Dasi. Harsha Rani was indoctrinated in the preparation of the food by the devotees' spiritual master, Swami A. C. Bhaktivedanta. 

"It is a religious practice to cook," she observed. Those who prepare the Sunday feasts chant as they work and are instructed to avoid tasting or smelling the food until after the offering. 

Most of the foods are fried in ghee, which is clarified butter. Harsha Rani uses only sweet butter - 21 pounds of it for each love feast. 

The devotees eat no meat, fish or eggs and drink no alcoholic beverages, coffee or tea. They also avoid onions, garlic, mushrooms, yeast, vinegar and chocolate. Food must be eaten while fresh, and nothing may be stored for long. 

Instead of garlic, a dish might be seasoned with powdered asafetida, which the devotees obtain at a Middle Eastern grocery. "The asefetida brings out an unusual flavor in the food," said Harsha Rani, "but you must be careful to use only a pinch - not very much - or you will ruin the dish.

Another typical seasoning consists of cumin seeds and crushed red peppers cooked in butter. Some preparations call for the peppers and cumin to be cooked until they actually burn, which adds a distinctive and prized taste to the dish. 

Other flavorings basic to prasadam food, which is the name applied to the food offered in worship, are turmeric, cardamon, anise, coriander, ginger root and a combination of cloves, cinnamon and nutmeg. 

Flour milled from chick peas is used in many preparations, including one called juri in which a heavy batter made with chick pea flour is put through a ricer into hot deep ghee. The resulting browned noodles are mixed with blanched raw peanuts which have been cooked in ghee and puffed rice cereal. 

A favorite confection called "sweet things" consists of chick pea flour cooked in sweet butter, combined with confectioners' sugar and rolled into small balls. 

Love Feast 

On a recent Sunday, the love feast included seven dishes, among them juri, sweet things and puris, the Indian bread of unleavened dough which is rolled into small, flat circles and deep fried. 

Another dish, called wet vegetables, combined potatoes and cauliflower flavored with the cumin and red pepper seasoning, turmeric and asafetida. This was served with rice and fresh pineapple chutney. 

In addition to sweet things, the cooks prepared a simple dessert of farina cooked with butter, sugar, water and golden raisins. While some of the dishes are difficult to master, Harsha Rani selected the following as easy for the novice. All call for butter, but in these recipes the butter does not have to be clarified. 

WET VEGETABLES 
4 large potatoes 
3/4 lb. sweet butter 
1/4 tsp. crushed red peppers 
1/2 tsp. cumin seeds 
1 med. cauliflower Water 
1 tsp. turmeric 
1 tbsp. salt 
Pinch asafetida, optional 

Wash potatoes and cut Into 1-in. cubes. Do not peel. Reserve 1 tbsp. butter, melt the rest and deep fry potato cubes in the butter until golden. Remove potatoes and drain on paper towels. In another large pot, heat 1 tbsp. butter, add peppers and cumin and cook mixture until very dark. Add potatoes to pepper mixture. Separate cauliflower into flowerets and deep fry in the butter until golden. Add cauliflowerets and 1 tbsp. of the butter used for frying to the potatoes. Add water to cover, turmeric, salt and asafetida. Bring to a boil, then simmer for 30 min., or until potatoes are soft. Stir occasionally. Serve over rice. Makes 4 servings. 

FRESH PINEAPPLE CHUTNEY 
1 large pineapple 
1/4 cup sweet butter 
1/4 tsp. crushed red peppers 
1/2 tsp. cumin seeds 
Pinch salt 
1 tsp. turmeric 
Pinch ginger 
1/3 cup sugar 

Cut out crown of pineapple. Slice pineapple, remove rind and center core and cut in 1/2-in. cubes. Melt butter in skillet, add peppers and cumin and saute briefly. Add pineapple chunks and sprinkle with salt, turmeric and ginger. Cook over medium heat until liquid forms, then simmer 1 hr. Add sugar and simmer 30 min. longer, stirring occasionally. Serve as a side dish or relish. Makes 4 servings. 

HALAWAH 
1/2 lb. sweet butter 
2 cups farina 
1 1/2 cups water 
1 1/2 cups sugar 
1/4 cup golden raisins 

Melt butter, add farina and cook and stir over low heat 5 min. Bring water to boil in large saucepan. Add sugar and simmer until sugar dissolves. Stir in farina and raisins and cook and stir until water is absorbed, about 1 or 2 min. Serve warm. Makes 4 servings. 

SWEET THINGS 
1/4 cup sweet butter 
1/2 cup chick pea flour 
1/2 cup sifted confectioners' sugar 
Shredded coconut, chopped blanched almonds, golden raisins, optional 

Melt butter in skillet. Stir in chick pea flour and cook 5 min. over low heat. Remove from heat and stir in sugar. If desired, stir in 1 or 2 tsp. coconut, almonds or raisins. Let mixture cool, then roll into balls the size of marbles. Makes about 1 dozen. 

Photo 1: FOOD OFFERING - Harsha Rani Devi Dasi offers platter of prasadam food (below) at altar during Sunday afternoon services held at the Radha Krishna Temple. Times photos by Mary Frampton 

Photo 2: LOVE FEAST - Food is set out for a banquet which is part of worship conducted at temple by devotees of the International Krishna Consciousness Society.

Reference: The Los Angeles Times, Los Angels, USA, 1969-02-27

Krishna followers plan temple

This article, "Krishna followers plan temple," was published in Edmonton Journal, February 5, 1972, in Edmonton, Canada.

Journal Staff Writer 

Mahadma Das said the questions people most often ask him are. "Why do you shave your head?" and "What is that white stuff on your nose?

Mahadma, which means "great soul," is a follower of the Hare Krishna movement from Vancouver. He's in Edmonton to set up a Krishna temple. 

"The shaven head is a sign of submission to our spiritual teacher," said Mahadma, "and the white paint on the forehead and nose is symbolic of the footprints left by Krishna when he visited the earth 5,000 years ago.

Mahadma, leader of the 10-member group in Vancouver, is here with seven other members. Three of them will be staying indefinitely. 

Clean, simple 

"A shaven head is clean and it's simple. The main purpose is to spend as little time on our bodies as possible," Mahadma said. "The same with our clothes. They're simple and practical and when people see us we're easily recognizable.

After six months in the movement, the devotee receives a new name from his spiritual leader, A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami, from India. Das, which is a common last name, means servant. 

Paramesvari (meaning supreme controller) Das will lead the group to be established in Edmonton. 

"The young people here seem to be more receptive to us than those in any other city I've been to," Paramesvari said. "Most of the time we chant in the streets for eight hours a day and we're always talking to somebody and handing out magazines.

Five devotees 

The Krishna people, officially called the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), said they have already found five devotees for their movement and they've only been in town a week. 

They are living with eight people in a commune at 10406 127th St. The three members who will be staying in Edmonton will live in the commune until they find a permanent place to stay. 

"We'll find one depending on Krishna's mercy.

The Edmonton movement had its beginning when the Krishna people from Vancouver visited the city about three months ago. They were chanting at the University of Alberta and "these people from the commune invited us to come back some time and said we were welcome to stay at their place," Mahadma said. 

The religion of ISKCON, first spirited by the visit of Krishna (devotees refer to Krishna also as God) to the earth 5,000 years ago, was revived in 1966 by Bhaktivedanta Swami in India. From this one-man revival, more than 1,000 followers and 70 centres have been organized throughout the world. 

Bhaktivedanta's method of attracting members was to chant in the streets, as is the method today. 

"We believe that God is a person who lives in the spiritual sky," Mahadma said. "He's not an old man with a gray beard who nobody really knows.

The Krishna people believe in reincarnation. Animals, trees and every living thing have souls as well as people. 

"We don't know what will happen or where we'll be next but we know Krishna is taking us somewhere," Paramesvari said. "So we'll just keep endeavoring to serve our spiritual master.

Paramesvari said devotees are not allowed to eat meat, use drugs of any kind, participate in sportive activities and engage in sex only for the purpose of having children.

Control senses 

"If we're not even having a sex life, it must mean we've found something better and that is Krishna.

"We're trying to regain control of our senses," Mahadma said. "We don't let material things dictate to us. We want to be self-sufficient.

Paramesvari said that some people think devotees are restrictive but "actually, we're becoming more free because we're gaining a state of peace - we're controlling our own bodies.

The chant is like a baby crying for his mother. Mahadma said. Krishna's followers are saying "let me serve you, Krishna. Let me do something for you.

The actual words chanted are Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare, Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. 

"The chanting keeps us spiritually strong," Paramesvari said. "It revives our dormant affection for God.

Krishna beliefs are so new to people it's strange to them, Mahadma said. Most of them have been indoctrinated with Christianity all their lives and simply refuse to open their minds to anything else. 

It's universal 

"We're not teaching a sectarian religion. It's universal everybody is a part of God.

"And it's not a religion just for young people. The younger people of course, are more receptive but this doesn't mean that anyone over 30 isn't interested.

In their communal-type living, the devotees earn "living money" by selling incense and posters. These are made by devotees in the United States. 

Paramesvari said he and his group will "stay indefinitely" until the whole city is "Krishna-conscious and then I don't think we'll want to leave.

He said that in some way, either chanting on the street, speaking to different groups or handing out magazines, his Krishna followers plan to talk about Krishna every day. 

"Everybody is chanting about something these days - we're chanting about God.

Photo: DEVOTEES CHANT TO KRISHNA ...'like a child crying to his mother'

Reference: Edmonton Journal, Unknown Location, Canada, 1972-02-05

Mansion in Brooklyn Is Home To Group of 55 Krishna Devotees

This article, "Mansion in Brooklyn Is Home To Group of 55 Krishna Devotees," was published in The New York Times, February 21, 1971, in New York City, New York.

By LACEY FOSBURGH

They live almost like recluses in a 54-room mansion in Brooklyn except for the curious journeys they make through the streets of New York every afternoon. Then people stop and look at them, wondering who they are. 

A little after 1 o'clock on most days they troop single file out of their six-story red brick building at 439 Henry Street and walk 12 blocks to the nearest subway. Chanting all the while the 16-word prayer that is their trademark, these devotees of the International Society of Krishna Consciousness head for Fifth Avenue, Herald Square, the Columbia campus or the shopping mall in downtown Brooklyn. 

For five years they have visited these crowded places. They walk slowly, rarely communicate with anyone and chant "Hare Krishna Hare Krishna" as they extend their begging bowls to startled passers-by. Their saffron robes drag on the sidewalk. The women often hold babies and the men's heads are shaved bare except for a few long strands that dangle from the top of their skulls. 

Chant All the While 

Then as the afternoon sun goes down, they disappear into the nearest subway and, chanting all the while, return to their home in Cobble Hill. 

Single file they climb the nine cement stairs at 439 and as a few children on the sidewalk call out "Harry Kirschner Harry Kirschner," they pull the heavy oak door closed behind them. 

Inside is a world without chairs or tables, telephones or radios, a place where the 55 Krishna devotees live together with the five painted carvings of Indian gods that they clothe and put food in front of from 3:30 in the morning to 10:30 at night. 

"A lot of people see us on the street and think we're crazy," said 23-year-old Garry Dean of Southern California, who now uses the name, Shenanda. "But at least we make them think of Krishna and the moment they think of him, their spiritual life begins. We don't care what they think of us. We have our devotion and our happiness. We're not fanatics.

In 1965 the 74-year-old Swami arrived here with $7 in change and a pair of cymbals. He sat on the sidewalk in the East Village and began to chant. Soon he was holding religious classes in an empty storefront on Second Avenue and young people began to leave their beaches and their drugs to live in his small commune where all use of drugs, meat, coffee, tea and sex - except by married couples for reasons of procreation - was forbidden. 

Even talk was not advised.

Now the tax-exempt organization says it has 600 fulkime members, spacious quarters in Brooklyn, 45 chapters around the country and temples in Coconut Grove, Fla., Houston, Dallas, Salt Lake City and Cleveland. 

Each of these places is supported entirely by contributions. 

A Former Filmmaker 

The local president is a 31-year-old former Manhattan film maker now known as Bhavananda. 

"All anyone has to do is start chanting 'Hare Krishna' and immediately he'll feel all his anxieties disappear," he explains. 

"Krishna is the absolute god and therefore there is no difference between him and his name. Just by chanting his name, you are existing with him. It's really very easy," he adds smiling, "anyone can be saved.

Reference: The New York Times, New York, USA, 1971-02-21

Hare Krishna

This article, "Hare Krishna" was published in Tharunka, February 23, 1971, in Kensington, Sydney, Australia.

Ever wondered who those queer guys are who wonder the campus in robes, head shaven and beating out their peculiar rhythm?

Well it's the Hare Krishna movement and they will he active on campus again this year beginning in Orientation Week. 

Why the bizarre appearance? Why not find out by asking them. They are good gentle people and very willing to fill you in on Krishna consciousness. Here is a note from Upananda das Adhikari. 

The International Soceity for Krishna Consciousness was formed in 1966 by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada who came from India on the order of his spiritual master to preach love of God to the people of the West. Srila Prabhupada is in a line of disciplic succession going hack directly 500 years to the time when Caitanya appeared in India, and from there back still further - 5000 years to the time when Lord Sri Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, first spoke Bhagavad-gita. 

The Bhagavad-gita or Song of God is considered along with Srimad Bhagavatam as the very cream of the Vedic literatures. The most confidential knowledge of the Lord Sri Krishna is to be found in these texts. K.R.S.N.A. The Supreme Personality of Godhead is a summary study of the tenth canto of the Srimad Bhagavatam and has been placed in the co-operative bookshop along with "The Nectar of Devotion" a summary study of Bhakti-Rasamrta-Sindu by Srila Rupa Gosvami, as well as "Teachings of Lord Caitanya" which recounts the words and deeds of the most munificent incarnation of Godhead. 

Krishna consciousness is experienced as a process of self-purification. Its means and end are an open secret, and there is no financial charge for learning Krishna consciousness or receiving initiation into the changing of the Mahamantra. 

Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna 
Krishna Krishna Hare Hare 
Hare Rama Hare Rama 
Rama Rama Hare Hare 

This pure sound representation of God is the sublime method for reviving our original pure consciousness. It is easy and joyfully performed. 

We therefore invite all who can attend, to participate with us in chanting the holy names of God this Tuesday at 2:00 p.m. in the Roundhouse. 

The Sri Sri Radha-Krishna Temple 
118 Oxford Street, 
Paddington. N.S.W. 2021
UPANANDA DAS ADHIKARI

Reference: Tharunka, Sydney, Australia, 1971-02-23